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Fungal Diseases of Plants

AIPMT-NEET Biology Aspirants, read out the next AIPMT-NEET Biology Study material/ Notes of Fungal Diseases in Plants, important for AIPMT-NEET Biology. Free online notes for AIPMT-NEET.

All four phylums of Kingdom fungi, i.e., Phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes are responsible for causing diseases in plants.

DISEASE CAUSATIVE AGENT PHYLUM
Early blight of potato Alternaria solani Deuteromycetes
Late blight of potato Phytophthora infestans Phycomycetes (Oomycetes)

(Great Irish famine)

Black wart of potato Synchytrium endobioticum
Black or stem rust of wheat Puccinia graminis tritici Basidiomycetes
Yellow or strip rust of wheat Puccinia striiformis Basidiomycetes
Brown, orange or leaf rust of wheat Puccinia recondita Basidiomycetes
White rust of crucifers Albugo candida Phycomycetes
Blast disease of rice Phyricularia oryzae Ascomycetes
Powdery mildew Erysiphe sps. Ascomycetes
Downy mildew of cereals Sclerospora graminicola Phycomycetes
Wilt of gram Fusarium orthacereas Ascomycetes
Wilt disease in tomato, cotton and banana Fusarium oxysporum Ascomycetes
Ergot disease of rye Claviceps purpurea Ascomycetes
Red rot of sugarcane Collectotrichum falcatum Ascomycetes
Cotton rot Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Maize smut Ustilago maydis Basidiomycetes
Loose smut of wheat Ustilago tritici Basidiomycetes
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