Posts in Category: digestive system

Disorders of Digestive System

Hey All AIPMT Biology Aspirants, read out the next AIPMT Biology Study material/ Notes of Disorders of Digestive System, useful for AIPMT Biology.

  • Inflammation of Intestinal Tract: Most common ailment caused by bacterial or viral infections. Parasites of the intestine like tape worm, round worm, thread worm, hook worm, pin worm, etc.are

    Read More

Absorption of Digested Food

Hey All AIPMT Biology Aspirants, read out the next AIPMT Biology Study material/ Notes of Absorption of Digested Food, useful for AIPMT Biology.

Absorption of Digested Food

  • Breakdown of bio-macromolecules during digestion basically occurs in duodenum region of the small intestine.
  • Simple substances formed are absorbed in the jejunum and ileum regions

    Read More

Mechanism of digestion in Small Intestine

Chyme entering the small intestine contains partially digested carbohydrates (maltose), proteins (proteoses and peptides), and lipids (monoglycerides).

  • Completion of the digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids is a collective effort of pancreatic juice, bile juice, and intestinal juice in the small intestine.
  • Movements of muscularis layer of the small intestine help in

    Read More

Mechanism of Digestion

Digestion is a process of breaking down larger insoluble food particles into smaller water-soluble molecules that can be easily absorbed by the body cells.

  • Alimentary canal/Digestive tract/ Gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a continuous tube from mouth to anus.
  • Six basic processes performed by digestive system are:
    1. Ingestion: Taking

    Read More

Layers of Digestive Tract

Tissues of Digestive Tract

Hello All AIPMT Biology Aspirants, here is the study material of Layers of Digestive Tract.

Mammals and other vertebrates contain four major layers from lower esophagus to anal canal. These are Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis, and Serosa from innermost to superficial, respectively.

Layers of Digestive TractRead More

AIPMT Biology - Ruminant Stomach showing Four Chambers

Ruminant Stomach

Hey All AIPMT Biology Aspirants, read out the next AIPMT Biology Study material/ Notes of Ruminant Stomach, useful for AIPMT Biology.

Species like cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, deer, giraffe etc. are called as Ruminants. Ruminants are “Cud-chewing ” animals. Ruminants have four chambered stomach namely- Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum, Read More

Vitamin Requirements of Humans and their Deficiency Symptoms

AIPMT-NEET Biology Aspirants, read out the next AIPMT-NEET Biology Study material/ Notes about Vitamins -their major food sources, major functions in human body and what are the diseases related to deficiency of vitamins, important for AIPMT-NEET Biology. Free online notes for AIPMT-NEET.

B-complex Vitamins and Vitamin C

Read More

Mechanism of digestion in Stomach

Hello all AIPMT Biology Aspirants, Learn about chyme, Digestion in Stomach.

Food (Bolus) comes to stomach after travelling through esophagus. It takes about 4 to 8 seconds to travel through esophagus.

  • Stomach stores the food for 4-5 hours. So, stomach acts as a reservoir for food before release into small intestine.
  • Food mixes

    Read More

Gastric Pit and Secretory Cells

Modifications in Layers of Digestive Tract

Hey All AIPMT Biology Aspirants, next study material is for learning about modifications in layers of Stomach and Small Intestine.

STOMACH: In addition to basic structure of layers of digestive tract, following modifications are present in stomach.

  • Epithelial cells of mucosa extend deep down into lamina propria of mucosa, to

    Read More

Structure of Large Intestine

Large Intestine and Anal Canal

Hey all AIPMT Biology Aspirants, check out the next topic Notes of Large Intestine and Anal Canal.

Large intestine

  • Large intestine is the terminal portion of the Gastro-intestinal tract.
  • It extends from Ileum to the Anus. It consists of Caecum, Colon and Rectum.
  • The opening from the ileum into the

    Read More